Türkiye tarımını anlatan temel rakamlar
Toç Bir-Sen tarafından yayınlanan ‘2023 – 2071 Vizyonuyla Tarım’ kitabında Doç. Dr. Zeki Bayramoğlu, Türkiye’de tarımsal yapı ve tarım işletmeciliğinde mevcut durumu rakamları ile ortaya koydu.
Tarım İşletmelerinin Yapısal Durumu
Türkiye Tarım Arazilerinin Kullanım Durumu (Bin ha)
Arazi Varlığına Göre İşletmelerin Dağılımı (ÇKS 2013)
Hayvan Varlığına Göre İşletmelerin Dağılımı (%)
Parsel Sayısına Göre İşletmelerin Dağılımı (%)
Arazi Tasarruf Şekillerine Göre İşletmelerin Dağılımı (%)
İşletme Tipine Göre Arazi ve Hayvan Varlığı (%)
Türkiye Tarımsal İşletmelerin Arazi Kullanımına Göre Sulanan Ve Sulanmayan Arazi (%)
Tarım İşletmelerinin Tipoloji Sınıflamasına Göre Dağılımı (%)
basic figures about the agriculture of Turkey
How much of the total agricultural land can be used in Turkey? What is the distribution of businesses by land assets? Basic information about agricultural land in this study.
Toç Bir-Sen published in ‘2023 – 2071 Vision of Agriculture’ book Assoc. Dr. Clever Bayramoglu, agribusiness and agricultural structures in the current situation in Turkey revealed figures.
STRUCTURAL STATUS OF AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES
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Although Turkey has vast agricultural land for cultivating ecology along parade due to take place in the generation of many products it is also suitable. However, the use of agricultural land, the size of the enterprise and the presence of structural problems are noteworthy. Here are the numbers …
USER STATUS OF TURKEY is farmland (thousand ha)
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Turkey’s total agricultural area was determined to be 38.566 million ha, according to data from 2015. 40.81% of the cultivated area, 10.67% fallow, 2.10% vegetable gardens, 0.01% ornamental plants, 8.52% fruit, beverage and spice plants, 37% And 90 of them are meadow pasture areas. Total agricultural areas due to the structural changes resulting from developments in Turkey’s economy has decreased by 5.86% between 2015 and 2001. It can be said that this structural change has increased the investments requiring tourism, industry, housing, road and railway roads, dams and other land use and agricultural lands are used for this purpose.
DISTRIBUTION OF COMPANIES ACCORDING TO LAND ASSETS (ÇKS 2013)
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According to the 2013 data, the number of agricultural holdings registered in the Farmer’s Record System is 2 million 159 thousand. The land cultivated by these farmers is about 15 million hectares. When the fallow area is not taken into account, the total cultivated area is 19 million hectares. Approach 4 million ha of land is not registered. 59.10% of the enterprises have 50 or less land assets and the area they process constitutes 18,70% of the total area. This figure is for those with 100 da and less land assets respectively, 80.90 and 40.60, 200 da and less land assets for those with 93.40 and 65.00 and 500 da and less land assets. 99,20 and 89,10. The average size of the enterprise is 70.84.
DISTRIBUTION OF COMPANIES ACCORDING TO ANIMAL ASSETS (%)
The size classification of the farms by the presence of animals is given above. While 59.7% of enterprises have cattle with 1-4 head, the number of animals they own is 21.6% of the total number of animals. The proportion of enterprises with fewer than 20 animals was 93.80% and 68.30%, respectively. In this case, it is seen that Turkey is examined with a small business property is evaluated in terms of crop and animal production agriculture businesses. As a matter of fact, when the number of enterprises and proportional distribution of the number of animals are examined, it is seen that the same similar distribution.
DISTRIBUTION OF BUSINESSES BY PARCEL NUMBER (%)
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Turkey also has a fragmented structure Although small-scale agricultural enterprises. 10.24% of agricultural holdings consist of a parcel and process 3.20% of the total land. The proportion of enterprises with 4 or more pieces of land is 63.24% and the share of the land they have cultivated is 88.38%.
DISTRIBUTION OF COMPANIES ACCORDING TO LAND SAVING METHODS (%)
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Distribution of agricultural holdings according to their saving types is given above. While the proportion of the enterprises that process their own land alone is 85,10, the lands they process constitute 71.40% of the total land assets. The ratio of those who process both their own land and the land of others is 12.72% and the rate of the land they process is 26.43%.
LAND AND ANIMAL ASSETS ACCORDING TO THE BUSINESS TYPE (%)
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While 62,30% of agricultural holdings produce vegetable and animal production, 37,16% produce only vegetable production and 0,54% produce only animal production.
OPERATION ACCORDING TO AGRICULTURAL LAND USE IN TURKEY irrigated and non-irrigated Land (%)
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Turkey is 24.1% of the irrigable land used for agricultural business, this rate varies according to land use.
DISTRIBUTION OF AGRICULTURAL COMPANIES ACCORDING TO TYPOLOGY CLASSIFICATION (%)
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The distribution of agricultural holdings typology of Turkey is given in the table above. 25.65% of the enterprises are specialized field crops, 21.68% are mixed crops and animals, 19.77% are specialized long-lived plants, 16.73% are specialized grazing animals (bovine and bovine). sheep, 9.06% mixed vegetable production, 6.05% mixed animal production and 1.01% specialized horticulture (vegetable and flower).